#1 08.03.2019 17:03:30

MikiLinux
Mitglied

[gelöst] Apache und Virtual Host

Hallo,

ich möchte einen Apache mit Virtual Hosts konfigurieren. Wie fange ich jetzt am besten an meinen IST Zustand zu beschreiben.

Habe einen Rechner in der Ecke stehen auf dem läuft Arch Linux und ein bereits installierte Apache inkl. PHP 7 (PHPInfo fuktioniert)
Wenn ich die IP Adresse des Servers z.B. mit einem Laptop aufrufe wird mir die index.html auch korrekt angezeigt.

Jetzt möchte ich aber Virtuele Hosts anlegen (verschiedene Webseiten).

die ich mit IP:PORT z.B. (192.168.2.63) oder (192.168.2.63:8088) aufrufen kann.

Wenn ich nur 192.168.2.63 aufrufe fuktioniert es aber 192.168.2.63:8088 bekomme ich keine Seite angezeigt.

Fehler: Verbindung fehlgeschlagen

Firefox kann keine Verbindung zu dem Server unter 192.168.2.63:8088 aufbauen.

    Die Website könnte vorübergehend nicht erreichbar sein, versuchen Sie es bitte später nochmals.
    Wenn Sie auch keine andere Website aufrufen können, überprüfen Sie bitte die Netzwerk-/Internetverbindung.
    Wenn Ihr Computer oder Netzwerk von einer Firewall oder einem Proxy geschützt wird, stellen Sie bitte sicher, dass Firefox auf das Internet zugreifen darf.

Dazu kommt noch das ich eine Seite unter

/mnt/Daten/megawiki hosten möchte da diese in der täglichen Datensicherung integriert ist.

lege ich aber einen link mit ln -s /mnt/Daten/megawiki in den Ordner /srv/http bekomme ich die Meldung ich hätte keine Berechtigung.

drwxrws---    8 http    http  4096  8. Mär 14:50 megawiki

 getfacl megawiki
# file: megawiki
# owner: http
# group: http
# flags: -s-
user::rwx
group::rwx
other::---



meine /etc/httpd/conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

# Virtual Hosts
#
# Required modules: mod_log_config

# If you want to maintain multiple domains/hostnames on your
# machine you can setup VirtualHost containers for them. Most configurations
# use only name-based virtual hosts so the server doesn't need to worry about
# IP addresses. This is indicated by the asterisks in the directives below.
#
# Please see the documentation at
# <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/vhosts/>
# for further details before you try to setup virtual hosts.
#
# You may use the command line option '-S' to verify your virtual host
# configuration.

#
# VirtualHost example:
# Almost any Apache directive may go into a VirtualHost container.
# The first VirtualHost section is used for all requests that do not
# match a ServerName or ServerAlias in any <VirtualHost> block.

<VirtualHost *:80>
    DocumentRoot /srv/http
    ServerName serverix

    <Directory /srv/http>
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
        AllowOverride all
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from all
    </Directory>
</VirtualHost>



<VirtualHost *:8088>
    DocumentRoot /srv/http/test
    ServerName hallo

    <Directory /srv/http/test>
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
        AllowOverride all
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from all
    </Directory>
</VirtualHost>


meine /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf

#
# This is the main Apache HTTP server configuration file.  It contains the
# configuration directives that give the server its instructions.
# See <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/> for detailed information.
# In particular, see 
# <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/mod/directives.html>
# for a discussion of each configuration directive.
#
# Do NOT simply read the instructions in here without understanding
# what they do.  They're here only as hints or reminders.  If you are unsure
# consult the online docs. You have been warned.  
#
# Configuration and logfile names: If the filenames you specify for many
# of the server's control files begin with "/" (or "drive:/" for Win32), the
# server will use that explicit path.  If the filenames do *not* begin
# with "/", the value of ServerRoot is prepended -- so "logs/access_log"
# with ServerRoot set to "/usr/local/apache2" will be interpreted by the
# server as "/usr/local/apache2/logs/access_log", whereas "/logs/access_log" 
# will be interpreted as '/logs/access_log'.

#
# ServerRoot: The top of the directory tree under which the server's
# configuration, error, and log files are kept.
#
# Do not add a slash at the end of the directory path.  If you point
# ServerRoot at a non-local disk, be sure to specify a local disk on the
# Mutex directive, if file-based mutexes are used.  If you wish to share the
# same ServerRoot for multiple httpd daemons, you will need to change at
# least PidFile.
#
ServerRoot "/etc/httpd"

#
# Mutex: Allows you to set the mutex mechanism and mutex file directory
# for individual mutexes, or change the global defaults
#
# Uncomment and change the directory if mutexes are file-based and the default
# mutex file directory is not on a local disk or is not appropriate for some
# other reason.
#
# Mutex default:/run/httpd

#
# Listen: Allows you to bind Apache to specific IP addresses and/or
# ports, instead of the default. See also the <VirtualHost>
# directive.
#
# Change this to Listen on specific IP addresses as shown below to 
# prevent Apache from glomming onto all bound IP addresses.
#
#Listen 12.34.56.78:80
Listen 80

#
# Dynamic Shared Object (DSO) Support
#
# To be able to use the functionality of a module which was built as a DSO you
# have to place corresponding `LoadModule' lines at this location so the
# directives contained in it are actually available _before_ they are used.
# Statically compiled modules (those listed by `httpd -l') do not need
# to be loaded here.
#
# Example:
# LoadModule foo_module modules/mod_foo.so
#
#LoadModule mpm_event_module modules/mod_mpm_event.so
LoadModule mpm_prefork_module modules/mod_mpm_prefork.so
#LoadModule mpm_worker_module modules/mod_mpm_worker.so
LoadModule authn_file_module modules/mod_authn_file.so
#LoadModule authn_dbm_module modules/mod_authn_dbm.so
#LoadModule authn_anon_module modules/mod_authn_anon.so
#LoadModule authn_dbd_module modules/mod_authn_dbd.so
#LoadModule authn_socache_module modules/mod_authn_socache.so
LoadModule authn_core_module modules/mod_authn_core.so
LoadModule authz_host_module modules/mod_authz_host.so
LoadModule authz_groupfile_module modules/mod_authz_groupfile.so
LoadModule authz_user_module modules/mod_authz_user.so
#LoadModule authz_dbm_module modules/mod_authz_dbm.so
#LoadModule authz_owner_module modules/mod_authz_owner.so
#LoadModule authz_dbd_module modules/mod_authz_dbd.so
LoadModule authz_core_module modules/mod_authz_core.so
#LoadModule authnz_ldap_module modules/mod_authnz_ldap.so
#LoadModule authnz_fcgi_module modules/mod_authnz_fcgi.so
LoadModule access_compat_module modules/mod_access_compat.so
LoadModule auth_basic_module modules/mod_auth_basic.so
#LoadModule auth_form_module modules/mod_auth_form.so
#LoadModule auth_digest_module modules/mod_auth_digest.so
#LoadModule allowmethods_module modules/mod_allowmethods.so
#LoadModule file_cache_module modules/mod_file_cache.so
#LoadModule cache_module modules/mod_cache.so
#LoadModule cache_disk_module modules/mod_cache_disk.so
#LoadModule cache_socache_module modules/mod_cache_socache.so
#LoadModule socache_shmcb_module modules/mod_socache_shmcb.so
#LoadModule socache_dbm_module modules/mod_socache_dbm.so
#LoadModule socache_memcache_module modules/mod_socache_memcache.so
#LoadModule watchdog_module modules/mod_watchdog.so
#LoadModule macro_module modules/mod_macro.so
#LoadModule dbd_module modules/mod_dbd.so
#LoadModule dumpio_module modules/mod_dumpio.so
#LoadModule echo_module modules/mod_echo.so
#LoadModule buffer_module modules/mod_buffer.so
#LoadModule data_module modules/mod_data.so
#LoadModule ratelimit_module modules/mod_ratelimit.so
LoadModule reqtimeout_module modules/mod_reqtimeout.so
#LoadModule ext_filter_module modules/mod_ext_filter.so
#LoadModule request_module modules/mod_request.so
LoadModule include_module modules/mod_include.so
LoadModule filter_module modules/mod_filter.so
#LoadModule reflector_module modules/mod_reflector.so
#LoadModule substitute_module modules/mod_substitute.so
#LoadModule sed_module modules/mod_sed.so
#LoadModule charset_lite_module modules/mod_charset_lite.so
#LoadModule deflate_module modules/mod_deflate.so
#LoadModule xml2enc_module modules/mod_xml2enc.so
#LoadModule proxy_html_module modules/mod_proxy_html.so
#LoadModule brotli_module modules/mod_brotli.so
LoadModule mime_module modules/mod_mime.so
#LoadModule ldap_module modules/mod_ldap.so
LoadModule log_config_module modules/mod_log_config.so
#LoadModule log_debug_module modules/mod_log_debug.so
#LoadModule log_forensic_module modules/mod_log_forensic.so
#LoadModule logio_module modules/mod_logio.so
#LoadModule lua_module modules/mod_lua.so
LoadModule env_module modules/mod_env.so
#LoadModule mime_magic_module modules/mod_mime_magic.so
#LoadModule cern_meta_module modules/mod_cern_meta.so
#LoadModule expires_module modules/mod_expires.so
LoadModule headers_module modules/mod_headers.so
#LoadModule ident_module modules/mod_ident.so
#LoadModule usertrack_module modules/mod_usertrack.so
#LoadModule unique_id_module modules/mod_unique_id.so
LoadModule setenvif_module modules/mod_setenvif.so
LoadModule version_module modules/mod_version.so
#LoadModule remoteip_module modules/mod_remoteip.so
#LoadModule proxy_module modules/mod_proxy.so
#LoadModule proxy_connect_module modules/mod_proxy_connect.so
#LoadModule proxy_ftp_module modules/mod_proxy_ftp.so
#LoadModule proxy_http_module modules/mod_proxy_http.so
#LoadModule proxy_fcgi_module modules/mod_proxy_fcgi.so
#LoadModule proxy_scgi_module modules/mod_proxy_scgi.so
#LoadModule proxy_uwsgi_module modules/mod_proxy_uwsgi.so
#LoadModule proxy_fdpass_module modules/mod_proxy_fdpass.so
#LoadModule proxy_wstunnel_module modules/mod_proxy_wstunnel.so
#LoadModule proxy_ajp_module modules/mod_proxy_ajp.so
#LoadModule proxy_balancer_module modules/mod_proxy_balancer.so
#LoadModule proxy_express_module modules/mod_proxy_express.so
#LoadModule proxy_hcheck_module modules/mod_proxy_hcheck.so
#LoadModule session_module modules/mod_session.so
#LoadModule session_cookie_module modules/mod_session_cookie.so
#LoadModule session_crypto_module modules/mod_session_crypto.so
#LoadModule session_dbd_module modules/mod_session_dbd.so
LoadModule slotmem_shm_module modules/mod_slotmem_shm.so
#LoadModule slotmem_plain_module modules/mod_slotmem_plain.so
#LoadModule ssl_module modules/mod_ssl.so
#LoadModule dialup_module modules/mod_dialup.so
#LoadModule http2_module modules/mod_http2.so
#LoadModule proxy_http2_module modules/mod_proxy_http2.so
#LoadModule md_module modules/mod_md.so
#LoadModule lbmethod_byrequests_module modules/mod_lbmethod_byrequests.so
#LoadModule lbmethod_bytraffic_module modules/mod_lbmethod_bytraffic.so
#LoadModule lbmethod_bybusyness_module modules/mod_lbmethod_bybusyness.so
#LoadModule lbmethod_heartbeat_module modules/mod_lbmethod_heartbeat.so
LoadModule unixd_module modules/mod_unixd.so
#LoadModule heartbeat_module modules/mod_heartbeat.so
#LoadModule heartmonitor_module modules/mod_heartmonitor.so
#LoadModule dav_module modules/mod_dav.so
LoadModule status_module modules/mod_status.so
LoadModule autoindex_module modules/mod_autoindex.so
#LoadModule asis_module modules/mod_asis.so
#LoadModule info_module modules/mod_info.so
#LoadModule suexec_module modules/mod_suexec.so
<IfModule !mpm_prefork_module>
	#LoadModule cgid_module modules/mod_cgid.so
</IfModule>
<IfModule mpm_prefork_module>
	#LoadModule cgi_module modules/mod_cgi.so
</IfModule>
#LoadModule dav_fs_module modules/mod_dav_fs.so
#LoadModule dav_lock_module modules/mod_dav_lock.so
#LoadModule vhost_alias_module modules/mod_vhost_alias.so
LoadModule negotiation_module modules/mod_negotiation.so
LoadModule dir_module modules/mod_dir.so
LoadModule php7_module modules/libphp7.so
#LoadModule imagemap_module modules/mod_imagemap.so
#LoadModule actions_module modules/mod_actions.so
#LoadModule speling_module modules/mod_speling.so
LoadModule userdir_module modules/mod_userdir.so
LoadModule alias_module modules/mod_alias.so
#LoadModule rewrite_module modules/mod_rewrite.so

<IfModule unixd_module>
#
# If you wish httpd to run as a different user or group, you must run
# httpd as root initially and it will switch.  
#
# User/Group: The name (or #number) of the user/group to run httpd as.
# It is usually good practice to create a dedicated user and group for
# running httpd, as with most system services.
#
User http
Group http

</IfModule>

# 'Main' server configuration
#
# The directives in this section set up the values used by the 'main'
# server, which responds to any requests that aren't handled by a
# <VirtualHost> definition.  These values also provide defaults for
# any <VirtualHost> containers you may define later in the file.
#
# All of these directives may appear inside <VirtualHost> containers,
# in which case these default settings will be overridden for the
# virtual host being defined.
#

#
# ServerAdmin: Your address, where problems with the server should be
# e-mailed.  This address appears on some server-generated pages, such
# as error documents.  e.g. admin@your-domain.com
#
ServerAdmin you@example.com

#
# ServerName gives the name and port that the server uses to identify itself.
# This can often be determined automatically, but we recommend you specify
# it explicitly to prevent problems during startup.
#
# If your host doesn't have a registered DNS name, enter its IP address here.
#
ServerName localhost

#
# Deny access to the entirety of your server's filesystem. You must
# explicitly permit access to web content directories in other 
# <Directory> blocks below.
#
<Directory />
    AllowOverride none
    Require all denied
</Directory>

#
# Note that from this point forward you must specifically allow
# particular features to be enabled - so if something's not working as
# you might expect, make sure that you have specifically enabled it
# below.
#

#
# DocumentRoot: The directory out of which you will serve your
# documents. By default, all requests are taken from this directory, but
# symbolic links and aliases may be used to point to other locations.
#
DocumentRoot "/srv/http"
<Directory "/srv/http">
    #
    # Possible values for the Options directive are "None", "All",
    # or any combination of:
    #   Indexes Includes FollowSymLinks SymLinksifOwnerMatch ExecCGI MultiViews
    #
    # Note that "MultiViews" must be named *explicitly* --- "Options All"
    # doesn't give it to you.
    #
    # The Options directive is both complicated and important.  Please see
    # http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/mod/core.html#options
    # for more information.
    #
    Options Indexes FollowSymLinks

    #
    # AllowOverride controls what directives may be placed in .htaccess files.
    # It can be "All", "None", or any combination of the keywords:
    #   AllowOverride FileInfo AuthConfig Limit
    #
    AllowOverride None

    #
    # Controls who can get stuff from this server.
    #
    Require all granted
</Directory>

#
# DirectoryIndex: sets the file that Apache will serve if a directory
# is requested.
#
<IfModule dir_module>
    DirectoryIndex index.html
</IfModule>

#
# The following lines prevent .htaccess and .htpasswd files from being 
# viewed by Web clients. 
#
<Files ".ht*">
    Require all denied
</Files>

#
# ErrorLog: The location of the error log file.
# If you do not specify an ErrorLog directive within a <VirtualHost>
# container, error messages relating to that virtual host will be
# logged here.  If you *do* define an error logfile for a <VirtualHost>
# container, that host's errors will be logged there and not here.
#
ErrorLog "/var/log/httpd/error_log"

#
# LogLevel: Control the number of messages logged to the error_log.
# Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
# alert, emerg.
#
LogLevel warn

<IfModule log_config_module>
    #
    # The following directives define some format nicknames for use with
    # a CustomLog directive (see below).
    #
    LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" combined
    LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b" common

    <IfModule logio_module>
      # You need to enable mod_logio.c to use %I and %O
      LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\" %I %O" combinedio
    </IfModule>

    #
    # The location and format of the access logfile (Common Logfile Format).
    # If you do not define any access logfiles within a <VirtualHost>
    # container, they will be logged here.  Contrariwise, if you *do*
    # define per-<VirtualHost> access logfiles, transactions will be
    # logged therein and *not* in this file.
    #
    CustomLog "/var/log/httpd/access_log" common

    #
    # If you prefer a logfile with access, agent, and referer information
    # (Combined Logfile Format) you can use the following directive.
    #
    #CustomLog "/var/log/httpd/access_log" combined
</IfModule>

<IfModule alias_module>
    #
    # Redirect: Allows you to tell clients about documents that used to 
    # exist in your server's namespace, but do not anymore. The client 
    # will make a new request for the document at its new location.
    # Example:
    # Redirect permanent /foo http://www.example.com/bar

    #
    # Alias: Maps web paths into filesystem paths and is used to
    # access content that does not live under the DocumentRoot.
    # Example:
    # Alias /webpath /full/filesystem/path
    #
    # If you include a trailing / on /webpath then the server will
    # require it to be present in the URL.  You will also likely
    # need to provide a <Directory> section to allow access to
    # the filesystem path.

    #
    # ScriptAlias: This controls which directories contain server scripts. 
    # ScriptAliases are essentially the same as Aliases, except that
    # documents in the target directory are treated as applications and
    # run by the server when requested rather than as documents sent to the
    # client.  The same rules about trailing "/" apply to ScriptAlias
    # directives as to Alias.
    #
    ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ "/srv/http/cgi-bin/"

</IfModule>

<IfModule cgid_module>
    #
    # ScriptSock: On threaded servers, designate the path to the UNIX
    # socket used to communicate with the CGI daemon of mod_cgid.
    #
    #Scriptsock cgisock
</IfModule>

#
# "/srv/http/cgi-bin" should be changed to whatever your ScriptAliased
# CGI directory exists, if you have that configured.
#
<Directory "/srv/http/cgi-bin">
    AllowOverride None
    Options None
    Require all granted
</Directory>

<IfModule headers_module>
    #
    # Avoid passing HTTP_PROXY environment to CGI's on this or any proxied
    # backend servers which have lingering "httpoxy" defects.
    # 'Proxy' request header is undefined by the IETF, not listed by IANA
    #
    RequestHeader unset Proxy early
</IfModule>

<IfModule mime_module>
    #
    # TypesConfig points to the file containing the list of mappings from
    # filename extension to MIME-type.
    #
    TypesConfig conf/mime.types

    #
    # AddType allows you to add to or override the MIME configuration
    # file specified in TypesConfig for specific file types.
    #
    #AddType application/x-gzip .tgz
    #
    # AddEncoding allows you to have certain browsers uncompress
    # information on the fly. Note: Not all browsers support this.
    #
    #AddEncoding x-compress .Z
    #AddEncoding x-gzip .gz .tgz
    #
    # If the AddEncoding directives above are commented-out, then you
    # probably should define those extensions to indicate media types:
    #
    AddType application/x-compress .Z
    AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz

    #
    # AddHandler allows you to map certain file extensions to "handlers":
    # actions unrelated to filetype. These can be either built into the server
    # or added with the Action directive (see below)
    #
    # To use CGI scripts outside of ScriptAliased directories:
    # (You will also need to add "ExecCGI" to the "Options" directive.)
    #
    #AddHandler cgi-script .cgi

    # For type maps (negotiated resources):
    #AddHandler type-map var

    #
    # Filters allow you to process content before it is sent to the client.
    #
    # To parse .shtml files for server-side includes (SSI):
    # (You will also need to add "Includes" to the "Options" directive.)
    #
    #AddType text/html .shtml
    #AddOutputFilter INCLUDES .shtml
</IfModule>

#
# The mod_mime_magic module allows the server to use various hints from the
# contents of the file itself to determine its type.  The MIMEMagicFile
# directive tells the module where the hint definitions are located.
#
#MIMEMagicFile conf/magic

#
# Customizable error responses come in three flavors:
# 1) plain text 2) local redirects 3) external redirects
#
# Some examples:
#ErrorDocument 500 "The server made a boo boo."
#ErrorDocument 404 /missing.html
#ErrorDocument 404 "/cgi-bin/missing_handler.pl"
#ErrorDocument 402 http://www.example.com/subscription_info.html
#

#
# MaxRanges: Maximum number of Ranges in a request before
# returning the entire resource, or one of the special
# values 'default', 'none' or 'unlimited'.
# Default setting is to accept 200 Ranges.
#MaxRanges unlimited

#
# EnableMMAP and EnableSendfile: On systems that support it, 
# memory-mapping or the sendfile syscall may be used to deliver
# files.  This usually improves server performance, but must
# be turned off when serving from networked-mounted 
# filesystems or if support for these functions is otherwise
# broken on your system.
# Defaults: EnableMMAP On, EnableSendfile Off
#
#EnableMMAP off
#EnableSendfile on

# Supplemental configuration
#
# The configuration files in the conf/extra/ directory can be 
# included to add extra features or to modify the default configuration of 
# the server, or you may simply copy their contents here and change as 
# necessary.

Include conf/extra/php7_module.conf

# Server-pool management (MPM specific)
Include conf/extra/httpd-mpm.conf

# Multi-language error messages
Include conf/extra/httpd-multilang-errordoc.conf

# Fancy directory listings
Include conf/extra/httpd-autoindex.conf

# Language settings
Include conf/extra/httpd-languages.conf

# User home directories
Include conf/extra/httpd-userdir.conf

# Real-time info on requests and configuration
#Include conf/extra/httpd-info.conf

# Virtual hosts
Include conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

# Local access to the Apache HTTP Server Manual
#Include conf/extra/httpd-manual.conf

# Distributed authoring and versioning (WebDAV)
#Include conf/extra/httpd-dav.conf

# Various default settings
Include conf/extra/httpd-default.conf

# Configure mod_proxy_html to understand HTML4/XHTML1
<IfModule proxy_html_module>
Include conf/extra/proxy-html.conf
</IfModule>

# Secure (SSL/TLS) connections
#Include conf/extra/httpd-ssl.conf
#
# Note: The following must must be present to support
#       starting without SSL on platforms with no /dev/random equivalent
#       but a statically compiled-in mod_ssl.
#
<IfModule ssl_module>
SSLRandomSeed startup builtin
SSLRandomSeed connect builtin
</IfModule>


meine /etc/hosts

# Static table lookup for hostnames.
# See hosts(5) for details.


127.0.0.1       localhost.localdomain   localhost
127.0.0.1       serverix
::1             localhost.localdomain   localhost

Beitrag geändert von MikiLinux (15.03.2019 23:36:26)

Offline

#2 08.03.2019 20:48:27

schard
Moderator

Re: [gelöst] Apache und Virtual Host

Oh Gott, Apache. Ich habe mich bereits vor längerer Zeit von dieser Bloatware verabschiedet. Wenn du einen Webserver von grundauf neu aufsetzen möchtest, nimm Nginx. Spart Zeit und Nerven. Nicht nur bei der Installation und Konfiguration, sondern auch beim Schließen von Sicherheitslücken, die man in Apache so einfach wie in keinem keinem anderen Webserver herein konfigurieren kann.

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#3 08.03.2019 21:55:43

agarbathi
Mitglied

Re: [gelöst] Apache und Virtual Host

Moin,

zeig uns doch mal Deine virtuelle Hostdatei oder Dateien...!

Offline

#4 09.03.2019 02:31:04

MikiLinux
Mitglied

Re: [gelöst] Apache und Virtual Host

agarbathi schrieb:

Moin,

zeig uns doch mal Deine virtuelle Hostdatei oder Dateien...!


Die habe ich doch in meinem Beitrag angehängt oder was meinst du?

Offline

#5 09.03.2019 03:06:07

agarbathi
Mitglied

Re: [gelöst] Apache und Virtual Host

Ach, übersehen.. sorry! Eigentlich sollte die es gehen wenn Du die DocumentRoot Verzeichnisse aufteilst:

VHost1 statt

DocumentRoot /srv/http

in beispielsweise:

DocumentRoot /srv/http/test1

VHost2 statt

DocumentRoot /srv/http/test

in

DocumentRoot /srv/http/test2

Die hostdatei musste Du auch noch anpassen da ja nur serverix angibst und nicht hallo

Beitrag geändert von agarbathi (09.03.2019 03:08:31)

Offline

#6 09.03.2019 11:19:35

MikiLinux
Mitglied

Re: [gelöst] Apache und Virtual Host

Danke dir..

Aber das habe ich alles schon durch.... Es fuktioniert einfach nicht.

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#7 09.03.2019 12:29:11

agarbathi
Mitglied

Re: [gelöst] Apache und Virtual Host

Sonst setz doch mal einen ServerAlias - manche wollen über mehrere Domains erreichbar sein! Oder auch schon probiert?

Beitrag geändert von agarbathi (09.03.2019 12:29:27)

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#8 09.03.2019 14:57:38

MikiLinux
Mitglied

Re: [gelöst] Apache und Virtual Host

ServerAlias wäre mal eine Möglichkeit....

Kann ich aber gerade nicht testet. Heute Abend oder Morgen

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#9 10.03.2019 01:07:06

MikiLinux
Mitglied

Re: [gelöst] Apache und Virtual Host

Ich habe die /etc/httpd/conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf jetzt mal geändert. Gebe ich jetzt im Browser serverix ein kommt die Seite von VHost1. Nach meinem Verständnis müsste doch ein aufruf serverix:8088 dann die Seite von VHost 2 aufrufen.
Das passiert aber nicht. Da bekomme ich eine Fehlermeldung.

Fehler: Verbindung fehlgeschlagen

Firefox kann keine Verbindung zu dem Server unter serverix:8088 aufbauen.



Dateiberechtigungen unter /srv/http

# ls -la
insgesamt 16
drwxr-xr-x 4 http http 4096  9. Mär 17:34 .
drwxr-xr-x 5 root root 4096  3. Mär 17:14 ..
drwxr-xr-x 2 http http 4096  9. Mär 17:34 vh1
drwxr-xr-x 2 http http 4096  9. Mär 17:35 vh2

Dateiberechtigungen unter /srv/http/vh1

# ls -l
insgesamt 4
-rw-rw-rw- 1 http http 17  9. Mär 17:34 index.html


Dateiberechtigungen unter /srv/http/vh2

# ls -l
insgesamt 4
-rw-rw-rw- 1 http http 17  9. Mär 17:35 index.html


Geänderte: /etc/httpd/conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

<VirtualHost *:80>
    DocumentRoot /srv/http/vh1
    ServerName serverix

    <Directory /srv/http/vh1>
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
        AllowOverride all
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from all
    </Directory>
</VirtualHost>



<VirtualHost *:8088>
    DocumentRoot /srv/http/vh2
    ServerName serverix

    <Directory /srv/http/vh2>
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
        AllowOverride all
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from all
    </Directory>
</VirtualHost>

Ordnerstruktur

# tree /srv/
/srv/
├── ftp
├── http
│   ├── vh1
│   │   └── index.html
│   └── vh2
│       └── index.html
└── seafile

5 directories, 2 files

Beitrag geändert von MikiLinux (10.03.2019 01:11:30)

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#10 10.03.2019 08:14:30

Whitie
Mitglied

Re: [gelöst] Apache und Virtual Host

Hallo MikiLinux,
du müsstest dem Apache noch sagen, dass er auch an dem anderen Port lauschen soll (Listen Directive in der httpd.conf). Die darf man auch mehrfach verwenden.
https://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/de/bind.html

Gruß Whitie

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#11 10.03.2019 11:28:51

schard
Moderator

Re: [gelöst] Apache und Virtual Host

Hast du den Port 8088 denn auch in einer etwaigen Firewall freigegeben?

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#12 10.03.2019 12:02:00

MikiLinux
Mitglied

Re: [gelöst] Apache und Virtual Host

Danke an alle die geholfen haben

Das mit der Listen Directive war die Lösung für das eine Problem.
Bleibt nur wie kann ich das ganze mit Namen aufrufen  (z.B. serverix/vh1 oder serverix/vh2) und wie kann ich eine webseite in ein anderes Verzeichnis außerhalb /srv/http auslagern
da bekomme ich auch immer probleme mit der Berechtigung.

┌ root@serverix [/mnt/Daten]
└─ $ ► ls -l
insgesamt 60
drwxrws---    8 http    http  4096  8. Mär 14:50 megawiki

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#13 10.03.2019 15:31:32

schard
Moderator

Re: [gelöst] Apache und Virtual Host

Fürs erste benötigst du entsprechende DNS Einträge. Fürs zweite: Der Benutzer in dessen Kontext Apache2 läuft, muss natürlich Leserechte auf die entsprechenden Dateien haben.

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#14 10.03.2019 15:53:44

MikiLinux
Mitglied

Re: [gelöst] Apache und Virtual Host

Apache läuft unter dem Benutter http

Wie du in meinem Beitrag siehst hat der Ordner megawiki alle Rechte ebenso die anderen Ordner und Datein.
Aber wieder Zugriff verweigert

┌ root@serverix [/mnt/Daten/megawiki]
└─ $ ► ls -l
insgesamt 84
drwxrws---  2 http http  4096 24. Apr 2018  bin
drwxrws---  3 http http  4096  6. Jan 21:28 conf
-rwxrwx---  1 http http 18092  3. Jul 2016  COPYING
drwxrws--- 12 http http  4096 16. Feb 17:23 data
-rwxrwx---  1 http http  3547  6. Jan 21:28 doku.php
-rwxrwx---  1 http http   706  1. Mai 2018  favi.copy.sh
-rwxrwx---  1 http http 19141 24. Apr 2018  feed.php
drwxrws---  9 http http  4096  6. Jan 21:28 inc
-rwxrwx---  1 http http  2097  3. Jul 2016  index.php
drwxrws---  8 http http  4096 12. Feb 2017  lib
-rwxrwx---  1 http http   306 24. Apr 2018  README
drwxrws--- 12 http http  4096 24. Apr 2018  vendor
-rwxrwx---  1 http http    21  6. Jan 21:28 VERSION
┌ root@serverix [/mnt/Daten]
└─ $ ► getfacl megawiki
# file: megawiki
# owner: http
# group: http
# flags: -s-
user::rwx
group::rwx
other::---

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#15 11.03.2019 11:28:28

schard
Moderator

Re: [gelöst] Apache und Virtual Host

Das sind nur die ACLs für den Ordner "megawiki". Was ist mit den Unterordnern, insbesondere dem Ordner oder der Datei, die du konkret versuchst aufzurufen, bei der es den Fehler gibt?

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#16 11.03.2019 17:26:30

MikiLinux
Mitglied

Re: [gelöst] Apache und Virtual Host

Damit es einfacher und übersichtlicher wird habe ich mal einen neuen Ordner angelegt /mnt/Daten/web auch hier wieder das gleiche.
Zugriff verweigert. 

Das verstehe ich einfach nicht. Nach meinem Wissen sind alle Berechtigungen gegeben.

┌ root@serverix [/mnt/Daten]
└─ $ ► ls -l
drwxrws---    2 http    http  4096 11. Mär 16:16 web


┌ root@serverix [/mnt/Daten]
└─ $ ► getfacl web
# file: web
# owner: http
# group: http
# flags: -s-
user::rwx
group::rwx
other::---







┌ root@serverix [/mnt/Daten/web]
└─ $ ► ls -l
-rwxrwx--- 1 http http 47 11. Mär 16:16 index.html



┌ root@serverix [/mnt/Daten/web]
└─ $ ► getfacl index.html
# file: index.html
# owner: http
# group: http
user::rwx
group::rwx
other::---

/etc/httpd/conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

<VirtualHost *:82>
    DocumentRoot /mnt/Daten/web
    ServerName web
    ServerAlias web
    <Directory /mnt/Daten/web>
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
        AllowOverride all
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from all
    </Directory>
</VirtualHost>

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#17 11.03.2019 19:17:01

Foulanzer
Mitglied

Re: [gelöst] Apache und Virtual Host

Eigentlich kannst du alle vHosts über Port 80 erreichen, Apache liefert entsprechend ServerName/ServerAlias aus.

Wenn du unbedingt auf :8080 oder :82 ausliefern möchtest, dann muss der Apache auf diesen Ports auch lauschen und das macht deiner (der httpd.conf zufolge) noch nicht.

netstat -an | grep -i listen

Sind deine Ports dabei?

In die httpd.conf:

listen 8080
listen 82

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#18 12.03.2019 10:23:59

schard
Moderator

Re: [gelöst] Apache und Virtual Host

Wenn Apache2 einen Fehler 403 Access Denied zurück gibt, lauscht er offensichtlich auf dem angefragten Port, da er sonst gar nicht antworten könnte.
@OP: Gib Mal bitte die volle Ausgabe einer Anfrage auf deinen Test-Host mittels curl -v an.

Beitrag geändert von schard (12.03.2019 10:25:36)

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#19 12.03.2019 11:24:02

martin.k
Mitglied

Re: [gelöst] Apache und Virtual Host

Seit Apache 2.4 (Anfang 2012) gibt es die Direktiven Allow, Deny und Order nicht mehr.

im Abschnitt Directory ist anstatt (apache 2.2)

 Allow from all 

nun (apache 2.4)

 Require all granted 

zu verwenden.

Siehe auch die Beispielkonfiguration im Arch Wiki am Ende des des Abschnittes Virtual Hosts,

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#20 12.03.2019 11:51:53

Foulanzer
Mitglied

Re: [gelöst] Apache und Virtual Host

schard schrieb:

Wenn Apache2 einen Fehler 403 Access Denied zurück gibt, lauscht er offensichtlich auf dem angefragten Port, da er sonst gar nicht antworten könnte.
@OP: Gib Mal bitte die volle Ausgabe einer Anfrage auf deinen Test-Host mittels curl -v an.

403 steht nicht da, OP schreibt zwar Zugriff verweigert - was dem 403 entspricht, Zugriff verweigert höre ich auch immer, und dann war's ein 500 wink

In der httpd.conf steht 1x listen 80.

Der vhost soll auf *:8088 annehmen, das allein genügt nicht.

Die Meldung im FF "Verbindung fehlgeschlagen..." sagt mir aus eigener Erfahrung, dass der Port nicht lauscht.

Die Ausgabe von curl -v wäre interessant, oder ein Auszug aus den Logs des Apachen.

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#21 12.03.2019 19:32:34

MikiLinux
Mitglied

Re: [gelöst] Apache und Virtual Host

Die vHosts die im Ordner /srv/http liegen kann ich mit IP (des Servers):Port (wie in der /etc/httpd/conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf beschrieben aufrufen)
Nur halt die im Ordner /mnt/Daten/megawiki oder /mnt/Daten/web nicht.

ServerName web
ServerAlias web

Ist es hierbei egal was eingetragen wird oder muss ich bei ServerName den Namen des Server eintragen also in meinem Fall serverix?


curl -v 192.168.2.63:82

[<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN"
  "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" lang="en" xml:lang="en">
<head>
<title>Access forbidden!</title>
<link rev="made" href="mailto:you@example.com" />
<style type="text/css"><!--/*--><![CDATA[/*><!--*/ 
    body { color: #000000; background-color: #FFFFFF; }
    a:link { color: #0000CC; }
    p, address {margin-left: 3em;}
    span {font-size: smaller;}
/*]]>*/--></style>
</head>

<body>
<h1>Access forbidden!</h1>
<p>


  

    You don't have permission to access the requested directory.
    There is either no index document or the directory is read-protected.

  

</p>
<p>
If you think this is a server error, please contact
the <a href="mailto:you@example.com">webmaster</a>.

</p>

<h2>Error 403</h2>
<address>
  <a href="/">192.168.2.63</a><br />
  <span>Apache/2.4.38 (Unix) PHP/7.3.3</span>
</address>
</body>
</html>


/etc/httpd/conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf


# Virtual Hosts
#
# Required modules: mod_log_config

# If you want to maintain multiple domains/hostnames on your
# machine you can setup VirtualHost containers for them. Most configurations
# use only name-based virtual hosts so the server doesn't need to worry about
# IP addresses. This is indicated by the asterisks in the directives below.
#
# Please see the documentation at 
# <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/vhosts/>
# for further details before you try to setup virtual hosts.
#
# You may use the command line option '-S' to verify your virtual host
# configuration.

#
# VirtualHost example:
# Almost any Apache directive may go into a VirtualHost container.
# The first VirtualHost section is used for all requests that do not
# match a ServerName or ServerAlias in any <VirtualHost> block.
#

<VirtualHost *:80>
    DocumentRoot /srv/http/vh1
    ServerName vh1.de
    ServerAlias vh1.de
    <Directory /srv/http/vh1>
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
        AllowOverride all
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from all
    </Directory>
</VirtualHost>



<VirtualHost *:8088>
    DocumentRoot /srv/http/vh2
    ServerName vh2.de
    ServerAlias vh2.de
    <Directory /srv/http/vh2>
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
        AllowOverride all
        Order allow,deny
        Require all granted 
    </Directory>
</VirtualHost>




<VirtualHost *:8099>
    DocumentRoot /mnt/Daten/megawiki
    ServerName megawiki
    ServerAlias megawiki
    <Directory /mnt/Daten/megawiki>
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
        AllowOverride all
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from all
    </Directory>
</VirtualHost>



<VirtualHost *:81>
    DocumentRoot /srv/http/megawiki
    ServerName megawiki
    ServerAlias megawiki
    <Directory /srv/http/megawiki>
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
        AllowOverride all
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from all
    </Directory>
</VirtualHost>



<VirtualHost *:82>
    DocumentRoot /mnt/Daten/web
    ServerName web
    ServerAlias web
    <Directory /mnt/Daten/web>
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
        AllowOverride all
        Allow from all
    </Directory>
</VirtualHost>




/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf

#
# This is the main Apache HTTP server configuration file.  It contains the
# configuration directives that give the server its instructions.
# See <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/> for detailed information.
# In particular, see 
# <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/mod/directives.html>
# for a discussion of each configuration directive.
#
# Do NOT simply read the instructions in here without understanding
# what they do.  They're here only as hints or reminders.  If you are unsure
# consult the online docs. You have been warned.  
#
# Configuration and logfile names: If the filenames you specify for many
# of the server's control files begin with "/" (or "drive:/" for Win32), the
# server will use that explicit path.  If the filenames do *not* begin
# with "/", the value of ServerRoot is prepended -- so "logs/access_log"
# with ServerRoot set to "/usr/local/apache2" will be interpreted by the
# server as "/usr/local/apache2/logs/access_log", whereas "/logs/access_log" 
# will be interpreted as '/logs/access_log'.

#
# ServerRoot: The top of the directory tree under which the server's
# configuration, error, and log files are kept.
#
# Do not add a slash at the end of the directory path.  If you point
# ServerRoot at a non-local disk, be sure to specify a local disk on the
# Mutex directive, if file-based mutexes are used.  If you wish to share the
# same ServerRoot for multiple httpd daemons, you will need to change at
# least PidFile.
#
ServerRoot "/etc/httpd"

#
# Mutex: Allows you to set the mutex mechanism and mutex file directory
# for individual mutexes, or change the global defaults
#
# Uncomment and change the directory if mutexes are file-based and the default
# mutex file directory is not on a local disk or is not appropriate for some
# other reason.
#
# Mutex default:/run/httpd

#
# Listen: Allows you to bind Apache to specific IP addresses and/or
# ports, instead of the default. See also the <VirtualHost>
# directive.
#
# Change this to Listen on specific IP addresses as shown below to 
# prevent Apache from glomming onto all bound IP addresses.
#
#Listen 12.34.56.78:80
Listen 80
Listen 81
Listen 82
Listen 8088
Listen 8099

#
# Dynamic Shared Object (DSO) Support
#
# To be able to use the functionality of a module which was built as a DSO you
# have to place corresponding `LoadModule' lines at this location so the
# directives contained in it are actually available _before_ they are used.
# Statically compiled modules (those listed by `httpd -l') do not need
# to be loaded here.
#
# Example:
# LoadModule foo_module modules/mod_foo.so
#
#LoadModule mpm_event_module modules/mod_mpm_event.so
LoadModule mpm_prefork_module modules/mod_mpm_prefork.so
#LoadModule mpm_worker_module modules/mod_mpm_worker.so
LoadModule authn_file_module modules/mod_authn_file.so
#LoadModule authn_dbm_module modules/mod_authn_dbm.so
#LoadModule authn_anon_module modules/mod_authn_anon.so
#LoadModule authn_dbd_module modules/mod_authn_dbd.so
#LoadModule authn_socache_module modules/mod_authn_socache.so
LoadModule authn_core_module modules/mod_authn_core.so
LoadModule authz_host_module modules/mod_authz_host.so
LoadModule authz_groupfile_module modules/mod_authz_groupfile.so
LoadModule authz_user_module modules/mod_authz_user.so
#LoadModule authz_dbm_module modules/mod_authz_dbm.so
#LoadModule authz_owner_module modules/mod_authz_owner.so
#LoadModule authz_dbd_module modules/mod_authz_dbd.so
LoadModule authz_core_module modules/mod_authz_core.so
#LoadModule authnz_ldap_module modules/mod_authnz_ldap.so
#LoadModule authnz_fcgi_module modules/mod_authnz_fcgi.so
LoadModule access_compat_module modules/mod_access_compat.so
LoadModule auth_basic_module modules/mod_auth_basic.so
#LoadModule auth_form_module modules/mod_auth_form.so
#LoadModule auth_digest_module modules/mod_auth_digest.so
#LoadModule allowmethods_module modules/mod_allowmethods.so
#LoadModule file_cache_module modules/mod_file_cache.so
#LoadModule cache_module modules/mod_cache.so
#LoadModule cache_disk_module modules/mod_cache_disk.so
#LoadModule cache_socache_module modules/mod_cache_socache.so
#LoadModule socache_shmcb_module modules/mod_socache_shmcb.so
#LoadModule socache_dbm_module modules/mod_socache_dbm.so
#LoadModule socache_memcache_module modules/mod_socache_memcache.so
#LoadModule watchdog_module modules/mod_watchdog.so
#LoadModule macro_module modules/mod_macro.so
#LoadModule dbd_module modules/mod_dbd.so
#LoadModule dumpio_module modules/mod_dumpio.so
#LoadModule echo_module modules/mod_echo.so
#LoadModule buffer_module modules/mod_buffer.so
#LoadModule data_module modules/mod_data.so
#LoadModule ratelimit_module modules/mod_ratelimit.so
LoadModule reqtimeout_module modules/mod_reqtimeout.so
#LoadModule ext_filter_module modules/mod_ext_filter.so
#LoadModule request_module modules/mod_request.so
LoadModule include_module modules/mod_include.so
LoadModule filter_module modules/mod_filter.so
#LoadModule reflector_module modules/mod_reflector.so
#LoadModule substitute_module modules/mod_substitute.so
#LoadModule sed_module modules/mod_sed.so
#LoadModule charset_lite_module modules/mod_charset_lite.so
#LoadModule deflate_module modules/mod_deflate.so
#LoadModule xml2enc_module modules/mod_xml2enc.so
#LoadModule proxy_html_module modules/mod_proxy_html.so
#LoadModule brotli_module modules/mod_brotli.so
LoadModule mime_module modules/mod_mime.so
#LoadModule ldap_module modules/mod_ldap.so
LoadModule log_config_module modules/mod_log_config.so
#LoadModule log_debug_module modules/mod_log_debug.so
#LoadModule log_forensic_module modules/mod_log_forensic.so
#LoadModule logio_module modules/mod_logio.so
#LoadModule lua_module modules/mod_lua.so
LoadModule env_module modules/mod_env.so
#LoadModule mime_magic_module modules/mod_mime_magic.so
#LoadModule cern_meta_module modules/mod_cern_meta.so
#LoadModule expires_module modules/mod_expires.so
LoadModule headers_module modules/mod_headers.so
#LoadModule ident_module modules/mod_ident.so
#LoadModule usertrack_module modules/mod_usertrack.so
#LoadModule unique_id_module modules/mod_unique_id.so
LoadModule setenvif_module modules/mod_setenvif.so
LoadModule version_module modules/mod_version.so
#LoadModule remoteip_module modules/mod_remoteip.so
#LoadModule proxy_module modules/mod_proxy.so
#LoadModule proxy_connect_module modules/mod_proxy_connect.so
#LoadModule proxy_ftp_module modules/mod_proxy_ftp.so
#LoadModule proxy_http_module modules/mod_proxy_http.so
#LoadModule proxy_fcgi_module modules/mod_proxy_fcgi.so
#LoadModule proxy_scgi_module modules/mod_proxy_scgi.so
#LoadModule proxy_uwsgi_module modules/mod_proxy_uwsgi.so
#LoadModule proxy_fdpass_module modules/mod_proxy_fdpass.so
#LoadModule proxy_wstunnel_module modules/mod_proxy_wstunnel.so
#LoadModule proxy_ajp_module modules/mod_proxy_ajp.so
#LoadModule proxy_balancer_module modules/mod_proxy_balancer.so
#LoadModule proxy_express_module modules/mod_proxy_express.so
#LoadModule proxy_hcheck_module modules/mod_proxy_hcheck.so
#LoadModule session_module modules/mod_session.so
#LoadModule session_cookie_module modules/mod_session_cookie.so
#LoadModule session_crypto_module modules/mod_session_crypto.so
#LoadModule session_dbd_module modules/mod_session_dbd.so
LoadModule slotmem_shm_module modules/mod_slotmem_shm.so
#LoadModule slotmem_plain_module modules/mod_slotmem_plain.so
#LoadModule ssl_module modules/mod_ssl.so
#LoadModule dialup_module modules/mod_dialup.so
#LoadModule http2_module modules/mod_http2.so
#LoadModule proxy_http2_module modules/mod_proxy_http2.so
#LoadModule md_module modules/mod_md.so
#LoadModule lbmethod_byrequests_module modules/mod_lbmethod_byrequests.so
#LoadModule lbmethod_bytraffic_module modules/mod_lbmethod_bytraffic.so
#LoadModule lbmethod_bybusyness_module modules/mod_lbmethod_bybusyness.so
#LoadModule lbmethod_heartbeat_module modules/mod_lbmethod_heartbeat.so
LoadModule unixd_module modules/mod_unixd.so
#LoadModule heartbeat_module modules/mod_heartbeat.so
#LoadModule heartmonitor_module modules/mod_heartmonitor.so
#LoadModule dav_module modules/mod_dav.so
LoadModule status_module modules/mod_status.so
LoadModule autoindex_module modules/mod_autoindex.so
#LoadModule asis_module modules/mod_asis.so
#LoadModule info_module modules/mod_info.so
#LoadModule suexec_module modules/mod_suexec.so
<IfModule !mpm_prefork_module>
	#LoadModule cgid_module modules/mod_cgid.so
</IfModule>
<IfModule mpm_prefork_module>
	#LoadModule cgi_module modules/mod_cgi.so
</IfModule>
#LoadModule dav_fs_module modules/mod_dav_fs.so
#LoadModule dav_lock_module modules/mod_dav_lock.so
#LoadModule vhost_alias_module modules/mod_vhost_alias.so
LoadModule negotiation_module modules/mod_negotiation.so
LoadModule dir_module modules/mod_dir.so
LoadModule php7_module modules/libphp7.so
#LoadModule imagemap_module modules/mod_imagemap.so
#LoadModule actions_module modules/mod_actions.so
#LoadModule speling_module modules/mod_speling.so
LoadModule userdir_module modules/mod_userdir.so
LoadModule alias_module modules/mod_alias.so
#LoadModule rewrite_module modules/mod_rewrite.so

<IfModule unixd_module>
#
# If you wish httpd to run as a different user or group, you must run
# httpd as root initially and it will switch.  
#
# User/Group: The name (or #number) of the user/group to run httpd as.
# It is usually good practice to create a dedicated user and group for
# running httpd, as with most system services.
#
User http
Group http

</IfModule>

# 'Main' server configuration
#
# The directives in this section set up the values used by the 'main'
# server, which responds to any requests that aren't handled by a
# <VirtualHost> definition.  These values also provide defaults for
# any <VirtualHost> containers you may define later in the file.
#
# All of these directives may appear inside <VirtualHost> containers,
# in which case these default settings will be overridden for the
# virtual host being defined.
#

#
# ServerAdmin: Your address, where problems with the server should be
# e-mailed.  This address appears on some server-generated pages, such
# as error documents.  e.g. admin@your-domain.com
#
ServerAdmin you@example.com

#
# ServerName gives the name and port that the server uses to identify itself.
# This can often be determined automatically, but we recommend you specify
# it explicitly to prevent problems during startup.
#
# If your host doesn't have a registered DNS name, enter its IP address here.
#
#ServerName www.example.com:80

#
# Deny access to the entirety of your server's filesystem. You must
# explicitly permit access to web content directories in other 
# <Directory> blocks below.
#
<Directory />
    AllowOverride none
    Require all denied
</Directory>

#
# Note that from this point forward you must specifically allow
# particular features to be enabled - so if something's not working as
# you might expect, make sure that you have specifically enabled it
# below.
#

#
# DocumentRoot: The directory out of which you will serve your
# documents. By default, all requests are taken from this directory, but
# symbolic links and aliases may be used to point to other locations.
#
DocumentRoot "/srv/http"
<Directory "/srv/http">
    #
    # Possible values for the Options directive are "None", "All",
    # or any combination of:
    #   Indexes Includes FollowSymLinks SymLinksifOwnerMatch ExecCGI MultiViews
    #
    # Note that "MultiViews" must be named *explicitly* --- "Options All"
    # doesn't give it to you.
    #
    # The Options directive is both complicated and important.  Please see
    # http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/mod/core.html#options
    # for more information.
    #
    Options Indexes FollowSymLinks

    #
    # AllowOverride controls what directives may be placed in .htaccess files.
    # It can be "All", "None", or any combination of the keywords:
    #   AllowOverride FileInfo AuthConfig Limit
    #
    AllowOverride None

    #
    # Controls who can get stuff from this server.
    #
    Require all granted
</Directory>

#
# DirectoryIndex: sets the file that Apache will serve if a directory
# is requested.
#
<IfModule dir_module>
    DirectoryIndex index.html
</IfModule>

#
# The following lines prevent .htaccess and .htpasswd files from being 
# viewed by Web clients. 
#
<Files ".ht*">
    Require all denied
</Files>

#
# ErrorLog: The location of the error log file.
# If you do not specify an ErrorLog directive within a <VirtualHost>
# container, error messages relating to that virtual host will be
# logged here.  If you *do* define an error logfile for a <VirtualHost>
# container, that host's errors will be logged there and not here.
#
ErrorLog "/var/log/httpd/error_log"

#
# LogLevel: Control the number of messages logged to the error_log.
# Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
# alert, emerg.
#
LogLevel warn

<IfModule log_config_module>
    #
    # The following directives define some format nicknames for use with
    # a CustomLog directive (see below).
    #
    LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" combined
    LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b" common

    <IfModule logio_module>
      # You need to enable mod_logio.c to use %I and %O
      LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\" %I %O" combinedio
    </IfModule>

    #
    # The location and format of the access logfile (Common Logfile Format).
    # If you do not define any access logfiles within a <VirtualHost>
    # container, they will be logged here.  Contrariwise, if you *do*
    # define per-<VirtualHost> access logfiles, transactions will be
    # logged therein and *not* in this file.
    #
    CustomLog "/var/log/httpd/access_log" common

    #
    # If you prefer a logfile with access, agent, and referer information
    # (Combined Logfile Format) you can use the following directive.
    #
    #CustomLog "/var/log/httpd/access_log" combined
</IfModule>

<IfModule alias_module>
    #
    # Redirect: Allows you to tell clients about documents that used to 
    # exist in your server's namespace, but do not anymore. The client 
    # will make a new request for the document at its new location.
    # Example:
    # Redirect permanent /foo http://www.example.com/bar

    #
    # Alias: Maps web paths into filesystem paths and is used to
    # access content that does not live under the DocumentRoot.
    # Example:
    # Alias /webpath /full/filesystem/path
    #
    # If you include a trailing / on /webpath then the server will
    # require it to be present in the URL.  You will also likely
    # need to provide a <Directory> section to allow access to
    # the filesystem path.

    #
    # ScriptAlias: This controls which directories contain server scripts. 
    # ScriptAliases are essentially the same as Aliases, except that
    # documents in the target directory are treated as applications and
    # run by the server when requested rather than as documents sent to the
    # client.  The same rules about trailing "/" apply to ScriptAlias
    # directives as to Alias.
    #
    ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ "/srv/http/cgi-bin/"

</IfModule>

<IfModule cgid_module>
    #
    # ScriptSock: On threaded servers, designate the path to the UNIX
    # socket used to communicate with the CGI daemon of mod_cgid.
    #
    #Scriptsock cgisock
</IfModule>

#
# "/srv/http/cgi-bin" should be changed to whatever your ScriptAliased
# CGI directory exists, if you have that configured.
#
<Directory "/srv/http/cgi-bin">
    AllowOverride None
    Options None
    Require all granted
</Directory>

<IfModule headers_module>
    #
    # Avoid passing HTTP_PROXY environment to CGI's on this or any proxied
    # backend servers which have lingering "httpoxy" defects.
    # 'Proxy' request header is undefined by the IETF, not listed by IANA
    #
    RequestHeader unset Proxy early
</IfModule>

<IfModule mime_module>
    #
    # TypesConfig points to the file containing the list of mappings from
    # filename extension to MIME-type.
    #
    TypesConfig conf/mime.types

    #
    # AddType allows you to add to or override the MIME configuration
    # file specified in TypesConfig for specific file types.
    #
    #AddType application/x-gzip .tgz
    #
    # AddEncoding allows you to have certain browsers uncompress
    # information on the fly. Note: Not all browsers support this.
    #
    #AddEncoding x-compress .Z
    #AddEncoding x-gzip .gz .tgz
    #
    # If the AddEncoding directives above are commented-out, then you
    # probably should define those extensions to indicate media types:
    #
    AddType application/x-compress .Z
    AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz

    #
    # AddHandler allows you to map certain file extensions to "handlers":
    # actions unrelated to filetype. These can be either built into the server
    # or added with the Action directive (see below)
    #
    # To use CGI scripts outside of ScriptAliased directories:
    # (You will also need to add "ExecCGI" to the "Options" directive.)
    #
    #AddHandler cgi-script .cgi

    # For type maps (negotiated resources):
    #AddHandler type-map var

    #
    # Filters allow you to process content before it is sent to the client.
    #
    # To parse .shtml files for server-side includes (SSI):
    # (You will also need to add "Includes" to the "Options" directive.)
    #
    #AddType text/html .shtml
    #AddOutputFilter INCLUDES .shtml
</IfModule>

#
# The mod_mime_magic module allows the server to use various hints from the
# contents of the file itself to determine its type.  The MIMEMagicFile
# directive tells the module where the hint definitions are located.
#
#MIMEMagicFile conf/magic

#
# Customizable error responses come in three flavors:
# 1) plain text 2) local redirects 3) external redirects
#
# Some examples:
#ErrorDocument 500 "The server made a boo boo."
#ErrorDocument 404 /missing.html
#ErrorDocument 404 "/cgi-bin/missing_handler.pl"
#ErrorDocument 402 http://www.example.com/subscription_info.html
#

#
# MaxRanges: Maximum number of Ranges in a request before
# returning the entire resource, or one of the special
# values 'default', 'none' or 'unlimited'.
# Default setting is to accept 200 Ranges.
#MaxRanges unlimited

#
# EnableMMAP and EnableSendfile: On systems that support it, 
# memory-mapping or the sendfile syscall may be used to deliver
# files.  This usually improves server performance, but must
# be turned off when serving from networked-mounted 
# filesystems or if support for these functions is otherwise
# broken on your system.
# Defaults: EnableMMAP On, EnableSendfile Off
#
#EnableMMAP off
#EnableSendfile on

# Supplemental configuration
#
# The configuration files in the conf/extra/ directory can be 
# included to add extra features or to modify the default configuration of 
# the server, or you may simply copy their contents here and change as 
# necessary.

# Server-pool management (MPM specific)
Include conf/extra/httpd-mpm.conf

# Multi-language error messages
Include conf/extra/httpd-multilang-errordoc.conf

# Fancy directory listings
Include conf/extra/httpd-autoindex.conf

# Language settings
Include conf/extra/httpd-languages.conf

# User home directories
Include conf/extra/httpd-userdir.conf

# Real-time info on requests and configuration
#Include conf/extra/httpd-info.conf

# Virtual hosts
Include conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

# Local access to the Apache HTTP Server Manual
#Include conf/extra/httpd-manual.conf

# Distributed authoring and versioning (WebDAV)
#Include conf/extra/httpd-dav.conf

# Various default settings
Include conf/extra/httpd-default.conf


Include conf/extra/php7_module.conf



# Configure mod_proxy_html to understand HTML4/XHTML1
<IfModule proxy_html_module>
Include conf/extra/proxy-html.conf
</IfModule>

# Secure (SSL/TLS) connections
#Include conf/extra/httpd-ssl.conf
#
# Note: The following must must be present to support
#       starting without SSL on platforms with no /dev/random equivalent
#       but a statically compiled-in mod_ssl.
#
<IfModule ssl_module>
SSLRandomSeed startup builtin
SSLRandomSeed connect builtin
</IfModule>

Beitrag geändert von MikiLinux (12.03.2019 19:36:45)

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#22 12.03.2019 20:12:40

GerBra
Mitglied

Re: [gelöst] Apache und Virtual Host

Schon mal in die Logfiles geschaut?

Aus Wiki https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Ap … ed_options
-> DocumentRoot:

"    This is the directory where you should put your web pages.
    Change it, if you want to, but do not forget to also change <Directory "/srv/http"> to whatever you changed your DocumentRoot to, or you will likely get a 403 Error (lack of privileges) when you try to access the new document root. Do not forget to change the Require all denied line to Require all granted, otherwise you will get a 403 Error. Remember that the DocumentRoot directory and its parent folders must allow execution permission to others (can be set with chmod o+x /path/to/DocumentRoot), otherwise you will get a 403 Error."

Jede Menge Möglichkeiten, sich einen 403 einzufangen...

Für *:82 solltest du deine Config noch für die aktuelle Syntax ("Require all granted") anpassen.

Berechtigungs-Probleme:
Was sagt bei dir ein:

ls -ld /mnt
ls -ld /mnt/Daten

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#23 12.03.2019 20:18:08

agarbathi
Mitglied

Re: [gelöst] Apache und Virtual Host

Aus dem Wiki: "You must make sure that your home directory permissions are set properly so that Apache can get there. Your home directory and ~/public_html must be executable for others ("rest of the world"):"

$ chmod -R o+r ~//srv/http/vh1
$ chmod -R o+r ~//srv/http/vh2

sonst poste mal Deine Log Files!

Beitrag geändert von agarbathi (12.03.2019 20:20:13)

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#24 12.03.2019 20:21:00

MikiLinux
Mitglied

Re: [gelöst] Apache und Virtual Host

@GerBra

Für *:82 solltest du deine Config noch für die aktuelle Syntax ("Require all granted") anpassen.


<VirtualHost *:82>
    DocumentRoot /mnt/Daten/web
    ServerName web
    ServerAlias web
    <Directory /mnt/Daten/web>
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
        AllowOverride all
        Allow from all
    </Directory>
</VirtualHost>

$ ls -ld /mnt
drwxr-xr-x 8 root root 4096 10. Mär 16:43 /mnt
$ ls -ld /mnt/Daten
drwxrwsr-x 13 michael root 4096 11. Mär 16:15 /mnt/Daten
$ ls -ld /mnt/Daten/web
drwxrws--- 2 http http 4096 11. Mär 16:16 /mnt/Daten/web

Beitrag geändert von MikiLinux (12.03.2019 20:27:00)

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#25 12.03.2019 20:25:29

MikiLinux
Mitglied

Re: [gelöst] Apache und Virtual Host

agarbathi schrieb:

Aus dem Wiki: "You must make sure that your home directory permissions are set properly so that Apache can get there. Your home directory and ~/public_html must be executable for others ("rest of the world"):"

$ chmod -R o+r ~//srv/http/vh1
$ chmod -R o+r ~//srv/http/vh2

sonst poste mal Deine Log Files!

$ ls -ld /mnt
drwxr-xr-x 8 root root 4096 10. Mär 16:43 /mnt


$ ls -ld /mnt/Daten
drwxrwsr-x 13 michael root 4096 11. Mär 16:15 /mnt/Daten


$ ls -ld /mnt/Daten/web
drwxrws--- 2 http http 4096 11. Mär 16:16 /mnt/Daten/web

Beitrag geändert von MikiLinux (12.03.2019 20:26:44)

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